In September 2017, the commencement of construction at Lindero was officially launched (see Fortuna news releases dated September 21, 2017 and December 21, 2017). Lindero has been designed as an 18,750 tonnes per day owner operated open pit mine with a pit life of 13 years based on existing mineral reserves. Crushed ore will be placed on a leach pad with the pregnant solution pumped to SART1 and ADR2 plants prior to electrowining and refining where gold will be poured to doré bars.
The initial capital cost budget estimate for the construction of Lindero as set out in the technical report entitled “Fortuna Silver Mines Inc.: Lindero Property, Salta Province, Argentina” dated effective October 31, 2017 is forecast to increase to US$298 million, an increase of 25 percent over what was budgeted in the technical report; this amount does not include VAT which is expected to be recovered in the first 24 months from the start of mining operations. The technical report of the Lindero Project is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and on the Company's website at https://fortunasilver.com/site/assets/files/4098/lindero-project-technical-report-effective-date-31-oct-2017.pdf.
Adsorption, Desorption and Recovery
The Lindero Project is located in the Argentinian puna at an elevation of approximately 3,500 to 4,000 meters, 260 kilometers due west of Salta City at latitude 25° 04' 56" S and longitude 67° 46' 47" W. Drive time from Salta City to Lindero is approximately 7 to 7.5 hours over a road distance of 420 kilometers. Access to the project is via National Route 51, which passes through the towns of San Antonio de Los Cobres and Olacapato, and by Provincial Route 27, which passes through the towns of Pocitos and Tolar Grande. Tolar Grande is the nearest town to the project, located 75 kilometers to the northeast.
Geology and Mineralization
The Lindero deposit is a gold-rich porphyry system hosted within a series of diorite to monzonite porphyritic stocks that intrude coarse-grained Ordovician granites and Early Tertiary red bed sandstones. Mineralization forms an inward plunging semi-circular shape approximately 600 meters in diameter and extends to a drill tested depth of 600 meters. Gold-copper mineralization shows a strong relationship to lithology, K-feldspar alteration, and stockwork veining.
2020E Production and Cost Guidance1,2,3
Gold Production (koz)
60 - 80
Cash Cost (US$/t)
AISC (US$/oz Au)
520 - 620
All-in sustaining cost (AISC) is a non-GAAP financial measure, refer to Forward-looking Statements regarding non-GAAP financial measures; AISC includes production cash cost, commercial and government royalties, mining tax, export duties, subsidiary G&A, sustaining capital expenditures, and Brownfields exploration and is estimated at metal prices of US$1,450/oz Au, US$17/oz Ag, US$2,100/t Pb, and US$2,500/t Zn
Lindero’s production and cost guidance is based on the updated construction and commissioning schedule, as detailed in Fortuna’s news release dated February 13, 2020, with ore to be placed on the leach pad and first doré pour scheduled in the second quarter of 2020. Any material changes to the construction or commissioning schedule may have a material impact on Lindero’s production and cost guidance
Lindero’s all-in sustaining cost is based on commercial production and includes an export duty of 5% of revenue
Project Construction Milestones
Reserves and Resources
Mineral Reserves - Proven and Probable
Lindero Project, Argentina
Proven + Probable
Mineral Resources - Measured and Indicated
Lindero Project, Argentina
Measured + Indicated
Mineral Resources - Inferred
Lindero Project, Argentina
Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources are as defined by the 2014 CIM Definition Standards for Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves
Mineral Resources are exclusive of Mineral Reserves
Mineral Resources that are not Mineral Reserves do not have demonstrated economic viability
Factors that could materially affect the reported Mineral Resources or Mineral Reserves include; changes in metal price and exchange rate assumptions; changes in local interpretations of mineralization; changes to assumed metallurgical recoveries, mining dilution and recovery; and assumptions as to the continued ability to access the site, retain mineral and surface rights titles, maintain environmental and other regulatory permits, and maintain the social license to operate
Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves are reported as of March 31, 2019
Mineral Reserves for Lindero are reported based on open pit mining within designed pit shells based on variable gold internal cut-off grades and gold recoveries by metallurgical type. Met type 1 cut-off 0.27 g/t Au, recovery 75.4%; Met type 2 cut-off 0.26 g/t Au, recovery 78.2%; Met type 3 cut-off 0.26 g/t Au, recovery 78.5%; and Met type 4 cut-off 0.30 g/t Au, recovery 68.5%. The cut-off grades and pit designs are considered appropriate for long term gold prices of US$1,320/oz. Assumptions used in the pit design are the same as those for the resources
Lindero Mineral Resources are reported within a conceptual pit shell above a 0.2 g/t Au cut-off grade using a long-term gold price of US$1,320/oz, mining costs at US$1.28 per tonne of material, with total processing and process G&A costs of US$8.29 per tonne of mineralized material and an average process recovery of 75 %. The refinery costs net of pay factor were estimated to be US$6.90 per ounce gold. Slope angles are based on 3 sectors (39°, 42°, and 47°) consistent with geotechnical consultant recommendations
Eric Chapman, P. Geo. (APEGBC #36328) is the Qualified Person for resources and Amri Sinuhaji (APEGBC #48305) is the Qualified Person for reserves, both being employees of Fortuna Silver Mines Inc.